Depending on where someone lives, they typically have two or four seasons. If they have four seasons, then there is a well-defined Fall, Winter, Spring, and Summer. The weather changes each season bringing hotter and colder temperatures. If someone has only two seasons, the seasons can be described as wet and dry. For some, the dry season can mean life or death.
During the wet season, the sun's solar radiation is not overpowering. Each day, some sort of precipitation will fall, other days being more intense than others. From the rain, all of the aquifers are recharged, the rivers are flowing, and water sources are plentiful, clean or dirty.
During late October the dry season begins and continues until late February. During this time, not a single drop of rain or moisture will fall. Water resources quickly dry up. Community shallow wells run out of water and go dry. Since there is no rain, the wind picks up all of the dust creating breathing hazards. During this time, the environment and social settings change drastically. The search for any water source begins.
During the dry season, the water wells do not have to go dry and can work year round. By fully understanding the technical capabilities of each borehole, the water resources can be maximized for the most use. Community members can be taught how to maintain and take care of their wells to avoid long-term breakdowns or abandonment. Together, we can create a clean water resource that works year round.