The United Nations has created 17 Sustainable Development Goals as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. These goals build upon the Millennium Development Goals to cover new areas including climate change, economic inequality, peace, and justice. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal #6 states to ensure universal access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030. A goal like this will require adequate infrastructure, hygiene education, and proper sanitation facilities.
Water scarcity affects more than 40% of the world population and is only expected to grow as global temperatures increase as a result of climate change. Even as more people gain access to safe drinking water, there is the constant issue with dwindling safe sources. Current safe water sources are stressed and going to get worse from droughts and desertification.
A combination of adequate infrastructure, water resource protection, and international cooperation is critical to accomplishing this goal. Water-related ecosystems such as forests, mountains, and rivers need to be protected to mitigate water scarcity. International cooperation will ensure the right technology is being used that promotes water efficiency and treatment technologies. Currently, 663 million people still have no access to any clean water source. In 12 years, we can solve this issue together.