Kenya is one of the few countries that has multiple climates and environments. Depending on the are you are in or want to visit could be the difference of a monsoon climate, temperate forest climate, or a dry desert climate. When MissionCleanWater traveled with Well Aware in Kenya, the climate was a warm semi-arid area. Up north, a warm desert climate covers big portions of Kenya extending into South Sudan, Uganda, and Ethiopia. This area is known as Turkana County, inhabited by 1.2 million people, trying to live in easily the harshest environment in Kenya.
This county is the first we are proposing to help. We are now beginning to communicate with communities on the ground to see if there is a possibility for assistance. Unlike the projects MissionCleanWater visited beforehand, the communities in Turkana do not get rain. The chance to collect rain water is absent. Even though their is rainfall, it is very erratic and unreliable. Many of these communities work as pastoralists, taking care of live stock and finding land to graze where they can. Water is an important resource of drinking but also for their livestock. The small resources they do have is shared with animals. This leads to worse water contamination from animal waste. With little water resources, it is very challenging to keep any live stock alive.
The prolonged droughts are becoming a serious issue in Turkana. Water resources that are the only source are drying up. In the entire county, only 39% have access to a clean water source while 750,000 people do not. They have to rely on collecting water during what rain fall they get and from rivers. During the dry season, the rivers dry up forcing people to dig holes in the river bed to get what water they can.
The first proposed community we want to work with is Lokichar. They are in a very dry environment relying on rivers to get water. The pictures above highlight what is done when there is no surface water to collect. Holes are dug on the river bed to get what water is still close to the surface. The project is a proposed borehole that has enough water to provide clean water and water for livestock. It all depends on what the community wants and how the project can work.