Chennai is India's sixth largest city with a population of 4.6 million. It is the cultural and economic hub for southern India. Currently, Chennai residents are suffering a water shortage because of a bad monsoon season.
There was little rain during the monsoon season meaning the four reservoirs the city relies on did not fill up and are now running dry. The level of available water has dropped so low that schools and businesses have cut their hours so that employees or students have more time to collect water. The only locations to collect water are from wells dug around the city for groundwater or from water trucks that have been delivering water.
The wells using groundwater are being over drafted to the point that the water coming out is not consumable. Wells are being dug 1,000ft and continuously pumped. The water trucks that are delivering water are price gauging what they have to offer because it can not fit the demand. People are paying 50% of their monthly salary only on water.
Is there any light at the end of the tunnel of Chennai? It is expected to rain again in October and November. Citizens that have the opportunity to leave the city have done so until the water crisis ends. Citizens are pushing for a long term water conservation and development plan since water is a vital limited resource. If not, then it is expected that 40% of India's 1.34 billion citizens will not have water.